I have written many times (for instance here, here and here) about the need for negative viewpoints (on particular companies, or the market as a whole), to balance out the predominantly positive reports from brokers, research houses and journalists.
Relevant for this specific case: "Moody and its Chinese red flags".
Not everybody seems to share that stand, as witnessed by the decision of the SFC in Hong Kong:
David Webb wrote about this subject "SFAT's red flag on Moody's chills negative research".
His conclusion (emphasis mine):
Could the report have been better-written, and clearer in the limitations of its findings? Yes it could.
Could the flag-tests have been better than 98.8% correct? Yes, they could. Was the report of a lower standard than all the other pieces of (mostly positive) research that the SFC has allowed to circulate without interference? Certainly not. That's what makes a market - and research firms rise and fall based on the quality of their output.
We liked the Moody's report, and we want to see more of that kind of critical research - but what licensed firm will now dare to publish such a report if the regulator is going to pick it apart afterwards and then slam them with a fine and potential loss of licenses for the individuals involved?
If listed companies disagree with research reports, they are of course entitled to respond with rebuttals, clarifications of their past disclosures or explanations, to ask for corrections, or even to sue for libel or defamation. As far as we know, none of the companies involved has sued - the criticism wasn't that far wrong.
Not only has the SFC pursued a licensee's report, they have also gone after an unlicensed person in the Market Misconduct Tribunal for expressing his negative opinions about a company while putting his money where his mouth was and being short: Andrew Left, of Citron Research, writing about Evergrande Real Estate Group Ltd (3333). The verdict in that case (also Chaired by Justice Hartmann) is awaited. In our view, unless the SFC can show that Mr Left didn't believe what he was saying, then the statement of his opinion cannot be false - however wrong his opinion turned out to be.
The SFC, and now the SFAT, has done Hong Kong a disservice by chilling negative criticism of companies, thereby skewing the market even further towards positive research. "Sell-side" investment banks world-wide tend to withdraw coverage of a stock or use euphemisms rather than issue a sell note on a potential client. They will say "reduce", "hold", or "buy on weakness" (when it goes down) rather than say "sell". Hong Kong sits on the doorstep of a country which stamps out all forms of criticism. We need to strengthen and encourage, not weaken, freedom of debate and criticism of companies.
All very relevant also for the Malaysian and Singaporean markets.