Another index is the MSCI Malaysia Index: "With 43 constituents, the index covers about 85% of the Malaysian equity universe.".
The EPS of this index is pretty similar to the numbers I gave for the FBMKLCI, with the exception that it peaked in 2012 instead of 2014:
One explanation could be that there were quite a few multi-billion RM rights issues in the last few years, which bolstered the profits for the companies (which I measured in the previous postings), but not necessarily on a per-share basis (as detailed in the above table).
Growth has been steady between say 2002 and 2012, about 10% yoy, but after that have clearly declined, with 2016 being most likely another poor year.
The index has lagged the emerging markets index over the last 15 years:
However, that doesn't mean the Malaysian shares are much more cheaper than those of other emerging countries, in the contrary:
Both on a PE and a P/BV basis Malaysia is actually more expensive, only the dividend yield is somewhat higher.
As one keen observer (of emerging markets and Malaysia particularly) put it:
I think the key factor underpinning Malaysia's higher valuation multiples is the 'support' from government-linked investment companies (GLICs - EPF, Khazanah, KWAP etc) who consistently purchase Malaysian equities, and notably support them during market sell-offs.
This support has historically made the Malaysian market less volatile/lower beta vs. regional markets in the past.
While M'sia's P/E may seem unjustifiably high relative to EM, its economy (c. 4-5% GDP growth, current account surplus, benign inflation etc) isn't in too bad shape relative to the much of the rest of EM- especially China, South Africa, Turkey, Russia, Brazil etc.
Also, corporate governance is probably above average for an EM - and better than those markets mentioned above.
The cost of capital - driven by lower bond yields - is also lower than the average EM - c. 10% vs. mid-teens or higher for some EMs, which should translate into higher P/Es.
All these factors should translate into above-average valuations for the M'sian market relative to EM.
That being said, earnings growth amongst the larger caps has been disappointing over the past few years.