Friday, 6 January 2012

Mulpha International reprimanded

(lightly edited version)

On January 3, 2012 Mulpha International (Mulpha) was reprimanded by the Securities Commission:

The description of the misconduct was rather vague, to say the least:

"Failure to ensure the final basis of allocation of excess rights shares was consistent with the basis disclosed in the abridged prospectus of Mulpha International Berhad dated 24 February 2010"

In what way was it not consistent? The rights issue in 2010 was a massive 1-for-1 exercise worth almost RM 500 million in which the the market capital of the company would almost double. If anything was wrong with that exercise, surely the minority shareholders deserve a clear explanation.

An article in The Star of today sheds more light on this issue:

Mulpha disappointed with SC reprimand, seeking clarification

PETALING JAYA: Mulpha International Bhd's directors are disappointed at a reprimand from the Securities Commission (SC) that claimed the property developer failed to disclose information in a 2010 prospectus in “a full and true manner.”

Mulpha said in a statement that it would write to the regulator for further clarification before considering its next course of action, which may include an appeal.

“The company fully cooperated and provided all required information to the SC when queried on Sept 30, 2010.

“The company is also disappointed that this matter has been announced without giving the company the benefit of its 30-day right to appeal the decision,” it said.

The SC had on Wednesday posted the reprimand on its website, saying Mulpha's actions had breached Paragraph 1.03 of its guidelines for abridged prospectuses.

Essentially, it described Mulpha as inconsistent in the way it allocated the excess rights shares to what was disclosed in the abridged prospectus.

Mulpha's abridged prospectus, which was issued on Feb 24, 2010, was for a renounceable one-for-one two-call rights issue of up to 1,526,559,774 new ordinary shares of 50 sen each. However, the rights issue was undersubscribed, raising only RM471.2mil.

Its board said it believed the SC's reprimand specifically related to the manner in which it had allocated the excess rights shares to shareholders and renouncees who applied for them.

In its defence, the company explained that there was a minority of shareholders and renouncees, many of whom held a miniscule number of shares at the entitlement date, who applied for the excess rights shares at unusually high multiples, some even up to thousands of times what they were entitled.

“Two renouncees, for example, put in excess rights shares applications of 29,999 and 598,000 times of their initial entitlements.

“The directors of Mulpha, after receiving formal legal advice and invoking the authority granted to the Board in Section 4.4 of the abridge prospectus, fixed the allocation of excess rights shares to all applicants to generally 10 times of their initial entitlements.

“The board exercised its rights as it believed these extremely high excess applications could potentially give rise to adverse and irregular trading in its shares post the completion of the capital raising, which would be detrimental to the interest of the company.

“It could also potentially reduce the number of excess shares allocated to the remaining shareholders and renouncees who had put in excess applications that were not grossly and artificially inflated,” it pointed out.

(Section 4.4 authorises the board to allot the excess rights shares in a fit and expedient manner and in the best interest of the company as well as to accept any excess rights shares application in full or in part without assigning any reason, in a fair and equitable manner and on a pro-rata basis.)

Mulpha added that while the reprimand was given to the present board, Datuk Yusli Mohamed Yusoff and Caesar Loong were not directors at the material time when the abridged prospectus was issued.

“Furthermore, as the underwriter to the rights issue was the company's major shareholder in which Lee Seng Huang has an indirect interest, Lee consequently abstained, as required by law, from the board's deliberations on the formula to allocate the excess rights shares,” it said.

Through various investment holding companies, Lee and his family have an indirect 35% equity interest in Mulpha, based on its latest annual report.

Mulpha's stock shed 0.5 sen to 38 sen yesterday, with 6.7 million shares traded.

Why did Mulpha not announce the above when they published the allocation? Here is the allocation table from the website of Bursa Malaysia:

It says "total excess applications", not "total approved excess applications", it appears that all excess applications have been approved since even with the excess applications the rights issue has been undersubscribed. If indeed excess applications were restricted, then Mulpha should have been transparent about it.

What probably happened is that some shareholders put in large applications for excess rights shares, these amounts were strongly reduced, but when these shareholders later checked on the Bursa Malaysia's website it turned out that the rights issue was actually undersubscribed (even including the applications for excess rights shares) and that the unsubscribed rights shares (about 37 million) were allocated to Magic Unicorn Ltd, linked to the majority shareholders. After seeing this they probably filed a complaint with the Securities Commission.

Some issues:
  • Mulpha should have clearly written how and why it allocated the excess rights shares, especially since Mulpha's majority shareholders received more excess rights shares because of this and thus conflict of interest is a serious possibility
  • Mulpha should (even now, two years later) be forced to give a clear overview how the excess rights shares were allocated, grouped by Related Parties and Non-Related Parties
  • The Securities Commission should write more clear descriptions of misconduct, readers should not have to guess what was actually the issue
  • I hope that the Securities Commission gave Mulpha sufficient chance to appeal, although it does seem to me (given the above information) that (at least) a reprimand was indeed in order
  • This case took almost two years to complete, why so unbelievable long? This is not a very difficult case and should easily be dealt with within one year (before the end of 2010)
  • It might be wise in general to cap the amount of excess rights shares a shareholder can apply for relative to his entitlement to some reasonable number. This would require a change in the rules. If certain parties are applying for 598,000 times their entitlement, then that smells like exploiting a loophole, and that is not what investing should be about


  1. Kudos to Bursa Malaysia. Finally you are doing your job! Please continue your hard work to punish those who treat us (the minorities) as idiot.

  2. I agree with you, but I like things faster, who can still remember an issue of 2 years ago .... ?

  3. Although it is late but at least the justice had been done. By the way we all know the efficiency of Malaysians (especially government).

  4. Agree, but there is also something like "Justice delayed is justice denied"

    From Bursa's own website:

    "In our commitment to deter and reduce breaches of our rules, we continue to focus on swift and strict public enforcement action."

    Noticed the word "swift" .....?